sweatshops, choice and exploitation
- In the sweatshops, choice and exploitation, the author argue that people who work in the sweatshops choose to do so voluntarily and are morally significant, we should respect that. The first premise is that the the worker choose to work in the sweatshop voluntarily even though they are constrained in a set of options. The second premise is that conditions given them would make them better off than they don’t have the condition. The third premises is that exploitation may not necessarily be harmful. So we should respect the worker’s choice in choosing to work in sweatshop and stop interfering in it.
- In Sweatshops and respect for persons, the author argue that MNE should stop exploiting worker, adhere to local laws, show respect and meet safety standards and provide living wages. The first premise is that people should be respected because they have dignity and MNE have obligation to respect their workers. The second premise is MNE has the ability and resources to create a respectful environment. The third premise is that the MNE tolerate the violation of law while demand its own right to be protected. So the MNE should and be able to ensure that a respective environment could be created.
- The argument is People should think little and start from small things to change the environment. The first premise is that the public environment movement could be a public cause if individuals don’t take is as individual cause. The second premise is that environmental crisis is much more closer to us, we should not just expect the government or institutions to act. The third premise is that protest is not enough, we should change attitude first and start small things. The forth premise is the small things could change a lot.
- In people or penguins, the author argue that in regard to environment protection, we should decide what we are trying to accomplish. The first premise is that without specif objective, people do not have solutions to achieve that. The second premise the four goal could be criteria to to frame solutions. The third premise is that there is trade offs in controlling pollution against other interest.
- In persuasive advertising, autonomy and the creation of desire, the author argues that all advertisement are morally wrong because they deprived the autonomy of customer. The author first talked about the notion about autonomy reaction, which includes “autonomous desire, rational desire and choice, free choice, and control or manipulation”. Then he argues that Arrington’s argument which in favor of advertising is not valid. And further he proves that Nelson’s argument which think that even though the the autonomy of customers is override, the interest is still in customer is not valid too. Then come out of the conclusion that advertisement are morally wrong because they deprived the autonomy of customer.
- In the article of Who’s Responsible for This? , the author argue that People have implicit bias and can be influenced by it unknowingly. First the author introduces in the process of taking actions, the control based and knowledge based exculpating conditions are usually taken. Then the four characteristics of implicit bias were introduced. Then the authors proves that individual influenced by the implicit behaviors can satisfy the exculpating behaviors. Then the writer rejects the the argument that people could control implicit bias, because it is changing the moral ecology. A experiment was carry out to prove their idea that not all knowledge about exculpating are in the head of the people who take action.
- Since the 20th century, due to scientific and technological progress, population growth, acceleration of industrialization and urbanization, all kinds of business are increasingly take advantage of nature resources , human production have created serious pollution to and life on the earth, water, air, soil. Ecological disasters and pollution happens a lot. These problems have brought serious threat to ecological security, result in the decline of biodiversity and ecosystem functions. Traditional industrial development model and environmental management technology can not solve this kind of environmental problems caused by business activities , business must pay attention to rational use of natural resources and efficient, sustained, stable development.
The intrinsic value of environment in the context of business is that it provides a healthy environment for the business to grow. 1. Business development needs to focus on people and try to achieve sustainable development 2. People-centered development requires environmental protection as a priority. 3. Sustainability of development of business requires that environmental protection be prioritized. 4. Environmental protection is the fundamental requirement of coordinated development of business. 5.Environmental protection can increase demand
- The casualties of thousands of garment workers in Bangladesh raise the question of how consumers can use their power to change the appalling factory conditions at the other end of the planet. Stop buying Bangladeshi-made clothes? Looking for cloths made by other factory whose conditions may be slightly better, such as Indonesia? Choose “non-sweatshops” clothes is like “fair trade” coffee? Fair trade and conscientious consumption is a kind of consumption concept formed by western developed countries in recent years. Traditionally, when buying goods, consumer only consider the quality and price of goods. But now in the United Kingdom, the United States, most of the consumers are middle class who will consider whether the purchase will destroy the ecological and polluting the environment, whether the outsourcing of large enterprises is exploiting the production workers, workers in the production of goods is at the risk of personal injury. If so, they will refuse to buy these goods. This is the so-called “conscience consumption”, which requires consumers to talk about ethics, support fair trade, support the disadvantaged groups and social enterprises, with consumer choice against “unscrupulous” large enterprises and groups. “Conscience consumption” has become a common practice in Britain, the United States, Canada.
People should be against cloths from sweatshop because everyone has dignity and deserve respects. 1.Human should give respect to each other that is what distinguish us from other creatures . 2. MNE often violates the local law to exploit workers and not give due respect. 3. MNE have the resources to create a moral working environment. 4. MNE are driven by economic benefit and value reputation. 5. Customer have the power of choosing the brand, and the consumption concept could change the MNE business conduction. Consumers can force the business to show respect for the production workers. �